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Step up to a Healthier You with the Haldimand-Norfolk Health Unit

Vascular Disease

What is Vascular Disease? 

  • Vascular disease is a condition in which arteries become thickened and narrowed.
  • The narrowing is caused by fatty build-up or plaque deposits in the arteries over time and can stop blood from flowing normally throughout the body. This is also referred to as atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries.

Types of vascular diseases:

  • Cardiovascular disease:  affecting the arteries feeding the heart. This may result in angina and/or heart attack.
  • Cerebrovascular disease:  affecting the arteries feeding the brain. This may result in vascular dementia and/or stroke.
  • Peripheral vascular disease:  affecting the arteries in areas such as the kidneys, arms and legs. This may result in kidney failure and/or poor circulation. 


Making healthy lifestyle choices can significantly reduce your risk of developing vascular disease.